How do socioeconomic status, behaviors, and age interact to produce death risks?
This research will evaluate the nature of interactions between two key socio-demographic variables (educational attainment, race/ethnicity) and two key behavioral risk factors (obesity, smoking). I will examine whether different socio-demographic groups experience different hazards of dying from obesity and smoking. In particular, I will test whether the two sets of risk factors operate additively or multiplicatively with each other to influence the chance of dying. Based on these results, I will estimate life expectancies for individuals with different combinations of socio-economic and behavioral risk factors. This aim will provide nformation on life expectancy variation across different segments of the U.S. population including groups with the most (vanguard) and least (laggard) favorable risk factor profiles. Data will be from the
Health and Retirement Study and the American Changing Lives Survey.
Funding Period: 7/1/2017 to 6/30/2018
Health and well-being in later life: Disparities